The effect of implementation of education for sustainable development in Swedish compulsory schools – assessing pupils’ sustainability consciousness

Research
TitleThe effect of implementation of education for sustainable development in Swedish compulsory schools – assessing pupils’ sustainability consciousness
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsOlsson, D, Gericke, N, Rundgren, S-NChang
JournalEnvironmental Education Research
Volume22
Issue2
Pagination176 - 202
Date Published2016/02/17/
ISBN Number1350-4622
Keywordscompulsory school, education for sustainable development, Include, LMD reivew, pupils’ perceptions, sustainability attitudes, sustainability behavior, sustainability consciousness
AbstractDuring the past decade, numerous schools in Sweden have implemented education for sustainable development (ESD) as an explicit guiding approach in teaching. In this paper, we investigate the effect of this approach in comparison with that of pupils taught in ordinary schools. Accordingly, we introduce the concept of sustainability consciousness to represent the holistic view of sustainability. Within the concept of sustainability consciousness, we combine and investigate the environmental, economic, and social dimensions of sustainable development in terms of sustainability knowingness, attitudes, and behavior. A Likert-scale questionnaire with 50 items was developed to evaluate pupils’ sustainability consciousness through a nationwide study in Sweden. A total of 1773 pupils from the 6th and 9th grades participated. The results indicated that the ESD profile schools had a small positive effect on the pupils’ sustainability consciousness, while in grade 9 the effect was negative. The implications for further ESD implementation are discussed.
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2015.1005057