Research Library

eeRESEARCH

Welcome to our new collaborative research library!

C&NN and NAAEE

Funded by the Pisces Foundation with support from ee360

Looking for research about environmental literacy, the benefits of connecting to nature, fostering environmental behaviors, and more? You’ve come to the right spot! This database is a collaboration between the North American Association for Environmental Education and the Children & Nature Network, with generous support from the Pisces Foundation and ee360. It combines research for the field of environmental education and the movement to connect children and nature, and includes multiple ways to search for articles, syntheses, and research summaries.  An exciting element of this database is that one of the search options aligns with the same five broad search categories (education, conservation, health, social justice, human development) used by the funding community so that researchers, practitioners, and funders alike can use the same uber taxonomy to find what they’re looking for. Learn more > 

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Search Results

Children's interest in school garden projects, environmental motivation and intention to act: A case study from a primary school of Cyprus

Attending to student psychological needs may increase effectiveness of environmental education programs in promoting pro-environmental motivation and intention

Citation:
Christodoulou, A., & Korfiatis, K.. (2018). Children's interest in school garden projects, environmental motivation and intention to act: A case study from a primary school of Cyprus. Applied Environmental Education & Communication. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2017.1419104
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Obstacles for school garden program success: Expert consensus to inform policy and practice

A consensus-driven process for identifying obstacles to the success of school gardens can inform policy and practice

Citation:
Diaz, J. M., Warner, L. A., Webb, S., & Barry, D.. (2018). Obstacles for school garden program success: Expert consensus to inform policy and practice. Applied Environmental Education & Communication. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1533015X.2018.1450170
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NEP (Children@School): An instrument for measuring environmental attitudes in middle childhood

The NEP (Children@School) is a tool that can be used to evaluate the efficacy of architectural design strategies for improving children’s attitudes to the natural environment

Citation:
Izadpanahi, P., & Tucker, R.. (2018). NEP (Children@School): An instrument for measuring environmental attitudes in middle childhood. Australian Journal of Environmental Education. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/aee.2017.25
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Considering the natural environment in the creation of child-friendly cities: Implications for children's subjective well-being

Providing access to safe natural places is critical to the creation of child-friendly cities and to the promotion of children’s subjective well-being

Citation:
Adams, S., Savahl, S., Florence, M., & Jacks, K.. (2018). Considering the natural environment in the creation of child-friendly cities: Implications for children's subjective well-being. Child Indicators Research. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12187-018-9531-x
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A pilot study: Horticulture-related activities significantly reduce stress and salivary cortisol concentration of maladjusted elementary school children

Horticulture-related activities can reduce the stress levels and salivary cortisol concentration of elementary school children with emotional and behavioral concerns

Citation:
Lee, M. J., Oh, W., Jang, J. S., & Lee, J. Y.. (2018). A pilot study: Horticulture-related activities significantly reduce stress and salivary cortisol concentration of maladjusted elementary school children. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 37, 172-177. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2018.01.004
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Differently designed playgrounds and preschooler’s physical activity play

Study suggests that outdoor play environments for young children should incorporate features of natural and traditional playgrounds to serve all activity levels

Citation:
Luchs, A., & Fikus, M.. (2018). Differently designed playgrounds and preschooler’s physical activity play. Early Child Development and Care, 188(3), 281-295. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2016.1213726
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'Love honey, hate honey bees': Reviving biophilia of elementary school students through environmental education program

Integrating cognitive and emotional goals in environmental education program significantly improved affinity toward nature

Citation:
Cho, Y., & Lee, D.. (2018). 'Love honey, hate honey bees': Reviving biophilia of elementary school students through environmental education program. Environmental Education Research, 24(3), 445-460. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2017.1279277
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The association between lifelong greenspace exposure and 3-dimensional brain magnetic resonance imaging in Barcelona schoolchildren

Exposure to greenspace early in life could result in beneficial structural changes in the brain

Citation:
Dadvand, P., Pujol, J., Macia, D., Martínez-Vilavella, G., Blanco-Hinojo, L., Mortamais, M., et al.. (2018). The association between lifelong greenspace exposure and 3-dimensional brain magnetic resonance imaging in Barcelona schoolchildren. Environmental Health Perspectives. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP1876
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The impact of greenspace and condition of the neighbourhood on child overweight

The relationship between decreased access to green space and development of overweight/obesity is dependent on parental education level

Citation:
Schalkwijk, A. A. H., van der Zwaard, B. C., Nijpels, G., Elders, P. J. M., & Platt, L.. (2018). The impact of greenspace and condition of the neighbourhood on child overweight. European Journal of Public Health, 28(1), 88-94. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckx037
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Impact of the social and natural environment on preschool-age children weight

Residential greenness is linked to lower risk for overweight/obesity in preschoolers, especially for children living near parks and whose mothers have less education

Citation:
Petraviciene, I., Gražulevičienė, R., Andrusaityte, S., Dedele, A., & Nieuwenhuijsen, M. J.. (2018). Impact of the social and natural environment on preschool-age children weight. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030449
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Children's use of public spaces and the role of the adult -- A comparison of play ranging in the UK and the leikkipuisto (Play Parks) in Finland

Public play spaces and playworker models in the UK and Finland have similarities and differences according to several conceptual models

Citation:
King, P., & Sills-Jones, P.. (2018). Children's use of public spaces and the role of the adult -- A comparison of play ranging in the UK and the leikkipuisto (Play Parks) in Finland. International Journal of Play. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21594937.2018.1437378
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Science in the Learning Gardens (SciLG): A study of students' motivation, achievement, and science identity in low-income middle schools

Students’ motivational experiences in garden-based learning predict science engagement, learning and achievement

Citation:
Williams, D. R., Brule, H., Kelley, S. S., & Skinner, E. A.. (2018). Science in the Learning Gardens (SciLG): A study of students' motivation, achievement, and science identity in low-income middle schools. International Journal of STEM Education, 5(8). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40594-018-0104-9
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Outdoor play as a mean to achieve educational goals - A case study in a Portuguese day-care group

Outdoor play and engagement with nature promote the educational goals of two- and three-year-old children

Citation:
Bento, G., & Costa, J. A.. (2018). Outdoor play as a mean to achieve educational goals - A case study in a Portuguese day-care group. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14729679.2018.1443483
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Analyzing teacher narratives in early childhood garden-based education

A model focusing on learning across multiple domains and integrating self-determination theory can be used to inform the design and evaluation of early childhood garden education programs

Citation:
Murakami, C. D., Su-Russell, C., & Manfra, L.. (2018). Analyzing teacher narratives in early childhood garden-based education. Journal of Environmental Education, 49(1), 18-29. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00958964.2017.1357523
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Nurture thru nature: Creating natural science identities in populations of disadvantaged children through community education partnership

Experimental evidence provides some support for nature-based interventions in improving academic performance in language arts and science

Citation:
Camasso, M. J., & Jagannathan, R.. (2018). Nurture thru nature: Creating natural science identities in populations of disadvantaged children through community education partnership. Journal of Environmental Education, 49(1), 30-42. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00958964.2017.1357524
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Bridging natural and digital domains: Attitudes, confidence, and interest in using technology to learn outdoors

The use of digital observational tools may enhance students’ attitudes, confidence and interest in using technology to learn outdoors

Citation:
Hougham, R. J., Nutter, M., & Graham, C.. (2018). Bridging natural and digital domains: Attitudes, confidence, and interest in using technology to learn outdoors. Journal of Experiential Education. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1053825917751203
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Affordances guiding Forest School practice: The application of the ecological dynamics approach

Ecological Dynamics, with its focus on affordances and the person-environment relationship, could enhance Forest School practice

Citation:
Sharma-Brymer, V., Brymer, E., Gray, T., & Davids, K.. (2018). Affordances guiding Forest School practice: The application of the ecological dynamics approach. Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education, 21, 103-115. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s42322-017-0004-3
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First Nation pedagogical emphasis on imitation and making the stuff of life: Canadian lessons for indigenizing Forest Schools

Incorporating First Nations pedagogy in Forest Schools in Canada requires an appreciation of imitative learning

Citation:
MacEachren, Z. (2018). First Nation pedagogical emphasis on imitation and making the stuff of life: Canadian lessons for indigenizing Forest Schools. Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education, 21, 89-102. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s42322-017-0003-4
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Place-based nature kindergarten in Victoria, Australia: No tools, no toys, no art supplies

Nature kindergarten programs in Victoria, Australia are built around local conditions and influences versus imported Forest School practices

Citation:
Christiansen, A., Hannan, S., Anderson, K., Coxon, L., & Fargher, D.. (2018). Place-based nature kindergarten in Victoria, Australia: No tools, no toys, no art supplies. Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education, 21(1), 61-75. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s42322-017-0001-6
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Restricted home ranges reduce children's opportunities to connect to nature: Demographic, environmental and parental influences

Individual and social factors limit the amount of biodiversity accessible to children in urban areas

Citation:
Hand, K. L., Freeman, C., Seddon, P. J., Recio, M. R., Stein, A., & van Heezik, Y.. (2018). Restricted home ranges reduce children’s opportunities to connect to nature: Demographic, environmental and parental influences. Landscape and Urban Planning, 172, 69-77. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.12.004
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The meaning of participation in school ground greening: A study from project to everyday setting

Children’s participation in school ground greening planning influences functionality; participation in management phases results in student engagement and satisfaction

Citation:
Jansson, M., Mårtensson, F., & Gunnarsson, A.. (2018). The meaning of participation in school ground greening: A study from project to everyday setting. Landscape Research, 43(1), 163-179. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01426397.2017.1306623
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"We can keep the fire burning": Building action competence through environmental justice education in Uganda and Germany

Multi-national projects can be effective in building on cultural and social diversity to help young people become confident and capable environmental actors

Citation:
Dittmer, L., Mugagga, F., Metternich, A., Schweizer-Ries, P., Asiimwe, G., & Riemer, M.. (2018). "We can keep the fire burning": Building action competence through environmental justice education in Uganda and Germany. Local Environment, 23(2), 144-157. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2017.1391188
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Ethnographic understandings of ethnically diverse neighbourhoods to inform urban design practice

Ethnographic scholarship can be used to improve cultural literacy and support social justice in urban design practice

Citation:
Rishbeth, C., Ganji, F., & Vodicka, G.. (2018). Ethnographic understandings of ethnically diverse neighbourhoods to inform urban design practice. Local Environment, 23(1), 36-53. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2017.1385000
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Effect of park prescriptions with and without group visits to parks on stress reduction in low-income parents: SHINE randomized trial

Park prescriptions are a promising tool for addressing stress in low-income parents

Citation:
Razani, N., Morshed, S., Kohn, M. A., Wells, N. M., Thompson, D., Alqassari, M., et al.. (2018). Effect of park prescriptions with and without group visits to parks on stress reduction in low-income parents: SHINE randomized trial. PLOS ONE. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192921
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Tree cover and species composition effects on academic performance of primary school students

Tree cover and species composition have a positive effect on children’s academic performance, especially for children in socio-economically challenged schools

Citation:
Sivarajah, S., Smith, S. M., & Thomas, S. C.. (2018). Tree cover and species composition effects on academic performance of primary school students. PLOS ONE, 13(2). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193254
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The carry-over effects of school gardens on fruit and vegetable availability at home: A randomized controlled trial with low-income elementary schools

School gardens, especially if implemented at a young age, have the potential to affect the availability of fruits and vegetables in the home environment

Citation:
Wells, N. M., Meyers, B. M., Todd, L. E., Henderson, C. R., Barale, K., Gaolach, B., et al.. (2018). The carry-over effects of school gardens on fruit and vegetable availability at home: A randomized controlled trial with low-income elementary schools. Preventive Medicine. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.03.022
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Why forest gardening for children? Swedish forest garden educators' ideas, purposes, and experiences

Forest gardens in urban settings can promote outdoor education goals with less investment of resources than for traditional school gardening and forest excursions

Citation:
Almers, E., Askerlund, P., & Kjellstrom, S.. (2018). Why forest gardening for children? Swedish forest garden educators' ideas, purposes, and experiences. The Journal of Environmental Education, 49(3), 242-259. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00958964.2017.1373619
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Critical upscaling. How citizens' initiatives can contribute to a transition in governance and quality of urban greenspace

Citizen initiatives can contribute to a transition in governance and enhance the quality of urban greenspace

Citation:
Aalbers, C. B. E. M., & Sehested, K.. (2018). Critical upscaling. How citizens' initiatives can contribute to a transition in governance and quality of urban greenspace. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 29, 261-275. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2017.12.005
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Neighborhood context and youth physical activity: Differential associations by gender and age

Modifiable neighborhood elements are shown to have differing influences on children’s physical activity by age and gender

Citation:
Kowaleski-Jones, L., Fan, J. X., Wen, M., & Hanson, H.. (2017). Neighborhood context and youth physical activity: Differential associations by gender and age. American Journal of Health Promotion, 31(5), 426-434. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0890117116667353
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Through the eyes of children: Drawings as an evaluation tool for children's understanding about endangered Mexican primates

Children’s drawings can be a powerful tool in guiding conservation programs

Citation:
Franquesa-Soler, M., & Serio-Silva, J. C.. (2017). Through the eyes of children: Drawings as an evaluation tool for children's understanding about endangered Mexican primates. American Journal of Primatology. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.22723
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Asthma trajectories in a population-based birth cohort. Impacts of air pollution and greenness

Prior findings of neighborhood greenness’s protective effect against asthma may not have considered differing asthma phenotypes

Citation:
Sbihi, H., Koehoorn, M., Tamburic, L., & Brauer, M.. (2017). Asthma trajectories in a population-based birth cohort. Impacts of air pollution and greenness. American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine, 195(5), 607-613. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201601-0164OC
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Adolescents' experience and knowledge of, and attitudes toward, bees: Implications and recommendations for conservation

Students who engage in gardening and lawn-care activities gain understanding and develop positive attitudes toward bees

Citation:
Silva, A., & Minor, E. S.. (2017). Adolescents' experience and knowledge of, and attitudes toward, bees: Implications and recommendations for conservation. Anthrozoös, 30(1), 19-32. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08927936.2017.1270587
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Animal-assisted social skills training for children with autism spectrum disorders

Incorporating dogs into social skills training programs may decrease both social skill deficits and symptoms of depression in children with autism spectrum disorders

Citation:
Becker, J. L., Rogers, E. C., & Burrows, B.. (2017). Animal-assisted social skills training for children with autism spectrum disorders. Anthrozoös, 30(2), 307-326. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08927936.2017.1311055
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Children love their pets: Do relationships between children and pets co-vary with taxonomic order, gender, and age?

Young children develop strong relationships with pets behaviorally similar to humans; older children’s pet attachments include other pet species

Citation:
Hirschenhauser, K., Meichel, Y., Schmalzer, S., & Beetz, A. M.. (2017). Children love their pets: Do relationships between children and pets co-vary with taxonomic order, gender, and age?. Anthrozoös, 30(3), 441-456. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08927936.2017.1357882
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Propensity-score-weighted population-based study of the health benefits of dogs and cats for children

The health benefits of dogs and cats for children are not supported in a large population-based study

Citation:
Miles, J. N. V., Parast, L., Babey, S. H., Griffin, B. A., & Saunders, J. M.. (2017). Propensity-score-weighted population-based study of the health benefits of dogs and cats for children. Anthrozoös, 30(3), 429-440. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08927936.2017.1335103
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